Georgia

The government of Georgia has adopted two pieces of legislation as part of efforts to accelerate energy efficiency measures and to tackle climate change.

The two new pieces of legislation – the Law on Energy Efficiency and the Law on Energy Performance of Buildings – are important milestones for Georgia in meeting its requirements under the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA).

The legislation aligns Georgia with climate change and energy management stipulations set under the Energy Community, an international agreement that brings the European Union and its neighbours together to create a pan-European energy market.

The policies will enable Georgia to increase its energy security and improve the energy performance standards for new constructions and building retrofits in line with EU standards.

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The two laws enable Georgia to reduce energy intensity while strengthening resilience of the economy. The country will be able to achieve energy savings of 14% by 2025.

The initiative that paved the way for these laws was conceptualised in late 2015, when the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development started working on a draft of the first National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) with the European Bank of Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). This work benefited from support from the Swedish International Development Agency.

Catarina Bjorlin Hansen, EBRD’s regional director for the Caucasus, said: “This is an outstanding achievement for Georgia. The legislation opens new investment opportunities with greener technologies while boosting the usage of energy from ecologically cleaner sources. Emissions reduction and climate mitigation are a big part of the EBRD’s strategy going forward.”  

Vesselina Haralampieva, senior counsel in the legal transition programme, adds: “The adoption of the new energy efficiency laws is a landmark achievement for Georgia, which until now had virtually no energy efficiency regulations in place and very limited investment in energy performance.”