utility demand response

In Europe, we are currently witnessing a sharp increase in reserve needs for coping with the variability introduced by a steadily increasing RES share in generation.

The big challenge is to extend the possibility of providing ancillary services – frequency and voltage control, congestion management – to entities connected to the distribution network and Europe's SmartNet project is trying to solve such challenges.

The legislative package proposed by the European Commission in November 2016, nicknamed the Clean Energy Package, assigns a role to distribution system operators (DSOs) for local congestion management but not for balancing. Balancing management remains in the hands of the transmission system operators (TSOs)1.