In China, the Xiangtan municipal government has secured a loan from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to implement its smart city programme.
The $200 million in loans will help Xiangtan municipal government to support its Low-Carbon Transformation Sector Development Programme.
The programme’s total cost is at $395.88 million, of which $195.88 million is provided by the Chinese government
The project will help the municipal government to transform its public transport network.
The municipal government will construct a new hospital with a green building certificate, including use of passive building design and integrating advanced clean energy technologies, water-saving features, and extensive flood resilient measures using ecosystem-based solutions.
An unused government building will also be retrofitted to house the Asia Low-Carbon Training Center, showcasing green and low-carbon building techniques and features.
The transformative impacts of physical investment will be augmented by smart city platforms, including intelligent transport, industrial energy and utility management, building energy management, early flood warning, and environmental monitoring assessment systems using information and communication technology and the internet of things.
The Xiangtan municipal government will run the Asia Low-Carbon Training Center to share their low-carbon transformation experience and knowledge with other cities in China and in Asia.
Xiangtan’s growth has led to greenhouse gas emissions increasing by 4.5% a year during 2005-2016.
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The municipal government has taken measures to reduce carbon emissions, including closing down heavily polluting industrial plants, promotion of low-carbon technologies, deployment of clean vehicles, restoration of wetlands and forests, and expansion of green areas.
However, coal contributes 96% of the energy sources supplied to the grid in Xiangtan while renewable energy resources such as solar and wind power are limited.
ADB’s senior urban development specialist Na Won Kim, said: “Xiangtan is an old industrial city undergoing rapid urbanisation and industrial transformation that is committed to achieving carbon peaking by 2028.
“To support this target, the assistance will take a sector development programme approach to bring well-designed low-carbon and climate-resilient infrastructure, information, and knowledge platforms, and policy reforms that will provide an enabling environment and the right incentives to stimulate low-carbon behaviors and practices.”