In its first year Endesa’s ZEM2ALL (Zero Emission Mobility to All) electric vehicle program has notched up more than 1 million km travelled by its 160 EVs – avoiding the emission of 72 million tonnes of CO2 into the atmosphere compared to conventional combustion engine vehicles.
The program, taking place in Málaga as part of the Smartcity Málaga initiative, is aimed at testing EVs under real world conditions. Endesa says the program has been very well received, with 98.6% of users saying they were satisfied or very satisfied and 97.5% saying the initiative has lived up to or exceeded their expectations, while 99% would recommend participating in the project.
In the second phase of the project, which gets underway at the start of 2014, another 40 EVs will be delivered along with their conventional charging points. These new vehicles will be earmarked for lease hire firms and for car sharing, and during the first phase, users will have an Endesa conventional charging point.
All users also have access to the fast charging network – the largest rolled out in Europe to date, with a total of 23 points installed throughout Málaga. During the initial phase, this fast-charging infrastructure was used solely by ZEM2ALL participants, but from next year any e-vehicle user will be able to take advantage of it.
The vehicles and their associated infrastructure are connected to a control center that sends them useful real time information, such as the whereabouts of the nearest charging point and the best route to reach it. Smartphone applications have also been developed that enable users to manage and receive information about their car and charging.
Furthermore, six of the project’s charging points are bidirectional (V2G), enabling the vehicle not only to be charged but to also send electricity back to the grid when it is needed by the system due to high electricity demand. V2G technology is an important step in the development of smart grids which need tools to help optimize output and distribution and improve the supply and demand balance between electricity producers and consumers.
ZEM2ALL is a joint initiative between Spain and Japan, supported by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) and the Centre for the Development of Industrial Technology (CDTI), and Málaga City Council. The Spanish element also involves Telefónica and Ayesa. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries leads the Japanese part of the project, alongside its partners Mitsubishi Corporation and Hitachi.
ZEM2ALL has garnered an array of awards during its first year. These include being named the winner in the “Best Public Strategy for Mobile Sustainability” category in the first Best Practice in Sustainable Mobility awards organized by the Club Excelencia en Sostenibilidad business association and the Renault Foundation, and the E-Visionary Award at the World Electric Vehicle Association’s (WEVA) 27th International Electric Vehicle Symposium & Exhibition in October.