US storage
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The New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organisation (NEDO) and Sumitomo Electric Industries have announced the second stage of a battery energy storage pilot in California.

The second stage of the pilot includes partnering with the California Independent System Operator (CAISO)  to connect a 2MW/8MWh stationary radox flow battery.

The pilot is the first to connect a battery storage system in the US wholesale energy market.

The aim of the pilot is to test the economic value of using battery storage for frequency regulation and energy trading within the CAISO market.

The system will be used to meet both short- and long-period fluctuation needs since radox batteries have no limitation in terms of the depth of charge and discharge, as well as the number of charge and discharge cycles.

The first phase of the pilot was implemented in partnership with utility SDG&E and included the installation of 2MW/8MWh battery at a substation within the energy provider’s grid network from March 2017.

The project follows an agreement signed between NEDO and the California government’s Office of Business and Economic Development to promote the use of energy storage in the state.

Increased adoption of energy storage systems is expected to help California achieve its renewable energy use and carbon emission reduction targets .

The state has set a goal to generate 100% of its energy from renewables by 2045.

The third phase of the pilot, set to end in 2020, will apply models developed in the first and second phase to enable the use of radox batteries in both the energy transmission and distribution networks.

Utilities in California have been mandated under the State law AB 2514 to complete the introduction of storage battery capacity up to a certain proportion by 2024.