The US Department of Energy (DOE) has sponsored a new report - Grid Architecture - to provide future views of portions of grid architecture that address important emerging trends and systemic issues.
Based on research conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, the report also aims to identify issues that may have public policy implications, as well as explain and illustrate the principles of system architecture, and apply those principles to model potential futures of the electricity system.
The scope of the study covers a subset of grid architecture issues, based on their centrality to understanding key structural considerations and their linkage to critical emerging trends.
As a result, the paper describes a 'partial' architecture, which focuses on electric structure/grid topology; industry structure; coordination framework; business/value streams; electric/gas interactions; and the potential impact on regulation and markets.
Throughout the sections of the report Grid Architecture, the reports looks at the basic aspects of system architecture, the relationships of grid components and structures to the grid, and provides a set of architectural views for the U.S. grid 'as it exists today'.