Richland, WA, U.S.A. — (METERING.COM) — May 4, 2009 – A device enabling electric vehicle owners to plug in their cars and forget about them, knowing they’ll get the cheapest electricity available and won’t crash the grid, has been developed at the Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
The Smart Charger Controller automatically recharges electric vehicles during times of least cost to the consumer and lower demand for power. Widespread use of these devices could help advance a smart power grid.
“If a million owners plug in their vehicles to recharge after work, it could cause a major strain on the grid,” said PNNL engineer Michael Kintner-Meyer. “The Smart Charger Controller could prevent those peaks in demand from plug-in vehicles and enable our existing grid to be used more evenly.”
That efficiency translates to a more stable grid and cheaper power.
“Using the device could save up to $100-$150 a year for electric vehicle owners who pay based on when they charge their vehicle,” Kintner-Meyer said.
The Smart Charger Controller is programmed by the owner to charge at a specific time of day or night or at a set price point. The controller uses a low range wireless technology to communicate with the power grid and determine the best and cheapest time to recharge vehicles. By charging vehicles during off-peak times, the controller saves consumers money.
Previous PNNL studies with household appliances show that “smart” technologies also save the grid from brown-outs with little impact to the consumer. Grid friendly(TM) technology inside the Smart Charger Controller senses stress conditions on the grid. When the grid says more power is needed, the controller can temporarily stop charging the vehicle until the stress subsides.
This instant reduction in charging load, multiplied on a large scale with many vehicles, could serve as a shock absorber for the grid. The technology would relieve load instantly and give grid operators time to bring new power generation sources on line to stabilize the grid – a process that usually takes several minutes.
With more electric vehicles on the horizon, road ready, smart charging technology can be used now, according to Kintner-Meyer. Advancing technologies like the Smart Charger Controller today will enable the new generation of electric vehicles to be “smarter” once they’re available commercially, he noted.