Voltage optimisation
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According to the North Carolina Clean Energy Technology Center (NCCETC), 37 US states and the District of Columbia took steps toward grid modernisation.The Daily Energy Insider says that the report, called 50 States of Grid Modernisation, provides insight into grid modernisation actions - dividing these activities into six categories: studies and investigations, planning and market access, utility business model and rate reform, grid modernisation policies, financial incentives and deployment of advanced grid technologies.

“As we collected this information, we were excited to see the extent of activity occurring and just how many states are currently working to modernise the grid in some way,” Autumn Proudlove, lead author of the study and manager of policy research at NCCETC, told Daily Energy Insider.

According to the findings of the NCCETC report, of the six categories, deployment was the most common with 36 state or utility proposals in 19 states regarding demand response programmes or deployment of advanced metering infrastructure, smart grid technologies, microgrids or energy storage.

Moreover, advanced metering infrastructure deployment of which there were 19 actions, smart grid deployment with 13 actions and time-varying rates for residential customers with 10, were found to the most common types of grid modernisation actions.

The Daily Energy Insider notes that there were 16 states that considered or enacted changes to policies dealing with grid modernisation such as energy storage targets and clean peak standards. The 16 states, along with the District of Columbia, launched studies or investigations into modernisation, energy storage, demand response or rate reform.

States with highest grid modernisation ratings

New York was found to have 17 grid modernisation total actions, as well as Hawaii with 16, followed by California and Massachusetts with 13 and 12 respectively.

“The grid modernisation proceedings launched in Illinois and Ohio are very important, signaling a serious commitment from these states to modernize the electric system, beginning in a way that will help ensure decision-makers are well-informed and stakeholders have a chance to be engaged,” added Proudlove.

He continued: “I believe we will see these grid modernisation efforts spread to new states, and that we’ll continue seeing states take diverse approaches – initiating studies, offering incentives, adjusting rate structures, deploying pilot projects, and so on.

“I think we’ll particularly see more states initiate studies or investigations in this area before proposing specific policy or regulatory changes.”