Chile advances green hydrogen agenda with Port of Rotterdam agreement

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Chile’s Ministry of Energy and the Port of Rotterdam Authority have signed an MOU to collaborate on green hydrogen.

Chile’s ambition to become a global leader in the production and supply of green hydrogen has moved a step further with the paving of the way for an export route into Europe.

The agreement with the Port of Rotterdam, a major hub into the region currently handling about 13% of its energy requirements, is the country’s first with a European port.

“In Chile we have enormous comparative advantages in the production of green hydrogen, and that is what we address in our national strategy,” said Minister of Energy, Juan Carlos Jobet.

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“We want to produce the cheapest green hydrogen in the world by 2030 and be among the top three exporters by 2040.”

The port of Rotterdam is transforming to accommodate the transition from fossil fuels to renewables and intends to establish itself as the key hydrogen hub for northwest Europe. The infrastructure and distribution network is being prepared to receive hydrogen from shipping and to distribute it across the region.

The intent of the MOU is to collaborate on actions and initiatives to advance the use of hydrogen, share information and experiences and explore projects of mutual interest and benefit.

“It is cooperations like this that enable us to take important steps towards realising our ambitions as a hydrogen hub for northwest Europe,” says Allard Castelein, CEO of the Port of Rotterdam.

“The economic and environmental importance of setting up this trade lane is significant as we believe hydrogen will be important for meeting climate goals and will be beneficial both for the exporting and importing countries.”

Other countries with which the port is investigating possible hydrogen import chains include Morocco, Portugal, Iceland, Oman, Uruguay and Australia.

Hydrogen production

In addition to the hydrogen imports, a local production area is currently under development at the port. The first two electrolysers to be built there will be from Shell and the H2-Fifty collaboration from BP and Nouryon, with the first due to be operational in late 2023 or early 2024.

A feasibility study also is under way with Uniper for an electrolyser on their premises.

The three electrolysers with a capacity of more than 500MW are expected to be operational in 2025, with the electrolyser capacity increasing to at least 2GW by 2030.

To power these electrolysers 2GW of extra offshore wind farm capacity is being sought, over and above those wind farms in the existing plans.