The Indian government wants to see 6 million electric vehicles (EVs) on the road by 2022. The Indian Smart Grid Forum has created a blueprint to reach this goal.The worldwide adoption of EVs has recorded a significant increase with the number of cars sold globally rising from 45,000 in 2011 to 300,000 in 2014, according to a new report released by India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF).
The report states that EVs represent a 1% share of new cars in Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the US.
In 2013, the Indian government through the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan set a target of 6 to 7 million EVs by 2022.
But in reality, due to non-allocation of funds, adoption has been limited with only the three wheel EV sector recording a slow noticeable change.
Adopting EVs in India
After carrying out several workshops with stakeholders in the power and transport sector, the India Smart Grid Forum has drafted a roadmap stakeholders need to employ towards adoption of EVs for reduced carbon emissions.
[quote]The ISGF predicts that India’s rollout of the first phase of EV adoption projects will start with the public transport sector including buses, three wheelers and taxi fleets.
The development will only come into existence if the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan is allocated its drafted capital fund of Rs795 crores (US$120m) in the 2016-2017 budget hence the need for a strong policy intervention to kickstart the rollout, states ISGF.
Local manufacturing of EVs has also remained stagnant due to market uncertainity in the country even though several companies manufacturing EVs in Europe including BMW, TATA, Mitsubishu and Volkswagen are also operating in India.
ISGF recommendations for EV adoption
The report also makes the following suggestions:
- All public transport buses be converted to Electric Buses starting with those plying on most congested routes where traffic is moving slowest resulting in most emissions and high fuel use
- From April 2016 only electric three wheelers be registered in Delhi and non-electric three wheelers be phased out by 2020.
- 10% of the new cars registered in Delhi shall be electric vehicles from 2016 and to be increased to 100% by 2020. All existing non-electric cars must be phased out by 2025.
- Installation of DC fast charging and level 2 charging stations in locations such as bus stands, railway and metro stations, BRT stops, malls, IT parks, commercial centers and colleges.
- Introduction of separate tariffs for EVs including Time of Use pricing.
- All fuel pumps be mandated to install fast charging stations
- Introduction of free duty importation of EVs for a particular period of time